Artificial Intelligence, also known as AI, is a branch of computer science that simulates human intelligence by machines. In short, AI is a process of making machines think intelligently.
AI examines how the human brain thinks, how we learn, decide, and work to solve a problem. The outcomes of these innumerable studies are used to develop related intelligent software and systems. In short, artificial intelligence systems analyze the data collected to give an intelligent decision.
The goal of AI is to integrate human intelligence into machines and make them smarter. Artificial intelligence is a field of science and technology, based on multiple disciplines such as computer science, biology, psychology, linguistics, mathematics, and engineering. AI uses human intelligence to power the computer in performing various tasks like problem-solving, learning, and reasoning.
The speed of execution of the complex program is increased by artificial intelligence. AI can perform tasks that are normally not achievable by humans. Some of the major areas where AI makes significant contributions are in machine learning, case-based reasoning, multi-agent planning and scheduling, gaming, natural language processing (understanding and translation), expert systems, vision systems, speech recognition, voice recognition, intelligent robots, chatbots, data mining, and virtual reality.
Speech and voice recognition are different and serve different purposes, though the terms seem similar. While speech recognition focuses on understanding and comprehending what was spoken, voice recognition perceives who is speaking.
The potential to perform diversified tasks has made significant growth since the invention of computers or machines. The advancement of the power of computer systems, their diverse working domains, their increasing speed, and the reduced time has made them an essential part of our daily routines.
The biggest challenge that artificial intelligence has to face is bringing up their creative side, which is a fundamental trait of human intelligence. AI techniques can be used to bring out innovative ideas, by generating innovative combinations of familiar ideas and by exploring the potential of conceptual spaces. This helps in making transformations which are capable of generating previously impossible ideas.
AI has become a part of our daily lives, serving a large number of applications with or without our realization. From Washing machines to dishwashers, from automatic doors to autonomous cars, from smartphones to smart assistants, the applications of artificial intelligence is unlimited.
Some areas where AI is applied are:
- Used in the medical sector to predict heart attacks
- Extreme weather prediction.
- Used to investigate and analyze vast amounts of molecular information and finding suitable candidates for drug testing
- Manage complex navigation systems
- Manage shipping networks
- Monitoring the share market for suspicious activities
- Filtering spam mails out of your inbox
- Catching early signs of diseases
The applications of artificial intelligence are not limited to these examples. AI can be applied to almost every industry. With growing technology, AI also spread its wings.